Christmas and art go together. From the Renaissance and the Catholic Church to the modern day. Art has a way of showing history in amazing ways. The art of the Catholic church has a rich history. As evident by these examples.
The illiteracy of pre-Renaissance and Renaissance times led the Catholic Church and wealthy merchants to commission painters. To tell the story of the origins of Christianity in pictures. They were in constant competition with each other to get the lucrative Church contracts. Which led to some of the most stunning masterpieces in Western art. As long as there has been religion there has been art.
1. Botticelli The Annunciation (1489)
The Chapel of the Florentine monastery Cestello commissioned the Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli to paint the archangel Gabriel. Visiting the Virgin Mary to deliver the news that she will give birth to the son of God. Her face beautifully illustrates the emotional nature of the news she has just received.
2. Rembrandt Dream of Joseph (1645)
The Flemish painter depicts Christ’s earthly father who agrees to wed Mary when he discovers she is pregnant. In the gospel of Matthew, God sends an angel to Joseph in a dream to explain the divine conception and instructs him to name the child Jesus.
3. Hugo van der Goes Mary and Joseph on the Way to Bethlehem (1475)
The painting, a part of the Portinari Altarpiece, shows Mary and Joseph travelling to Bethlehem. The artist beautifully illustrated Mary’s advanced pregnancy by depicting the ageing Joseph carefully guiding his wife down the steep and rocky mountain.
4. Pieter Bruegel the Elder The Census at Bethlehem (1566)Set in a snowy, winter scene inspired by his native Flanders, Pieter Bruegel the Elder shows Mary and Joseph on their way to be registered in a census ordered by the Romans. Bruegel tended to portray biblical events in a contemporary and local setting, as can be seen by this painting. Despite the unique setting of this painting he pulls off the feeling masterfully.
5. Caravaggio, Nativity with St Francis and St Lawrence (1609)
Caravaggio’s last large-scale painting shows the Virgin Mary resting and gazing at the child she’s just given birth to. The artist contravened convention by placing an unnamed youth prominently in the foreground who looks towards an ageing Joseph. Sadly, it was was stolen in a suspected mafia heist in 1969 and has not been seen since.
6. Benozzo Gozzoli The Procession of the Magi (1459-1461)
Commissioned by the Medici family, this multi-panel fresco located in the chapel of the Palazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence shows not the three kings, but a procession of thirty-three on the way to Bethlehem to praise the newborn baby Jesus. It portrays the biblical story for a contemporary audience. The artist painted the entire Medici clan, and himself, together with the procession.
7. Rubens The Adoration of the Magi (1609-1610)Depicting the three kings worshipping and offering gifts to the newborn son of God, this masterpiece is truly one of Rubens’ most important works. The Baroque master was commissioned to paint the masterpiece by the Antwerp town council in 1609 and was presented to the Spanish ambassador as a peace offering at the end of the 12-year war in 1612. It was later acquired by Philip IV of Spain.
8. El Greco The Adoration of the Shepherds (1612-1614)Completed by the Spanish Renaissance painter in the last year of his life. Done in the same fashion as some of his other works in the master’s trademark distorted style. The artwork depicts the shepherds who came to Bethlehem to celebrate the birth of the newly born son of God, with the angels that circle above them.
9. Workshop of Goossen van der Weyden Flight to Egypt (ca. 1516)
The angel of the Lord returns to Joseph in a dream to warn him about King Herod’s plan to kill the newborn baby Jesus. Who saw him as a potential rival to the throne. The painting shows Joseph fleeing to Egypt with his young family. For fear the angel maybe right.
10. Raphael Sistine Madonna (1512)
Commissioned for Pope Julius II for the church of San Sisto Piacenza. It shows the Virgin Mary holding the Christ Child with Saint Sixtus and Saint Barbara on nearby. The two cherubs on the bottom of the canvas are perhaps more famous than the rest of the composition.